What is Erectile Dysfunction?
Erectile dysfunction or impotence is the inability of a man to achieve or maintain an erection, sufficient for his partner’s sexual needs. These men have a decreased libido or sexual desire that could be due to either ageing factor or may be something else. Physical or psychological stimulation or arousal results in significant blood flow to the penis. The arteries in the penis supply blood to the erectile tissue which becomes engaged and expands as a result of the increased blood flow and pressure. Erectile dysfunction usually occurs due to decreased blood flow to the penis and/or nerve damage causing frustration or physiological issue with the person who suffers from this.
How Common is Erectile Dysfunction?
Impotence commonly occurs in the elderly people because the erectile capacity decreases with age. Most men experience this disorder at some point in their lives, usually by the time they reach forty. Erectile dysfunction affects about 5 % of men in their forties and 15 – 25 % of men by the age of sixty-five. 50 % of men over the age of forty may experience transit erectile dysfunction and inadequate erection. It is best advised to talk to your doctor after or at the age of forty as mostly men at this point of life may suffer from Erectile dysfunction.
What are the Causes of Erectile Dysfunction?
Erectile dysfunction is generally caused by physical and/or psychological factors. Certain diseases may cause blockage or narrowing of the blood vessels, such as diabetes, hypertension, multiple sclerosis, nerve damage, hormonal imbalance, atherosclerosis, and heart diseases. Unhealthy lifestyle also predisposes an individual to have erectile dysfunction. A person is more likely to develop erectile dysfunction if he is obese, alcoholic, smoking or abusing drugs. Certain medications may also cause erectile dysfunction as their side effect like certain antihypertensives, antipsychotics, antidepressants, and tranquilizers. Erectile dysfunction may result due to psychological reasons like stress, fear or problems in relationships.
What are the available treatment options for Erectile Dysfunction?
Medications like phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitors are used in the treatment of erectile dysfunction. These medications can be administered orally, injected directly into the penis, or inserted into the tip of the penis.
Our product range for treatment of erectile dysfunction includes three highly effective medications namely Viagra (Sildenafil Citrate), Cialis (Tadalafil) and Levitra (Vardenafil). All three medications contain ingredients that belong to the class of drugs called phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitors. A sexual arousal releases nitric oxide in the penis, which in turn increases the levels of a smooth muscle relaxant called cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP). cGMP causes a relaxation in the muscles of the blood vessels of the penis, resulting in vasodilation, i.e. expansion of the diameter of the vessels. This leads to increased blood flow towards the penile blood vessels resulting in erection. Now cGMP is destroyed by the chemical phosphodiesterase. Therefore the phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitors prevent the degradation of cGMP by phosphodiesterase. Consequently erection is maintained.
Also healthy lifestyle choices that can help relieve erectile dysfunction are to stop smoking, drink little or no alcohol, lose weight when obese, stay away from substance abuse and to be physically active.
Erectile dysfunction caused by medications can be treated by replacing the medication, under the guidance of a health care practitioner.
Erectile dysfunction caused by stress and anxiety can be treated by psychotherapy. It is also important to talk to your partner about your complaints.